Rhetorical View of "Address Delivered at the Dedication of the Cemetery at Gettysburg"

(1) Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this
continent a new nation, conceived in liberty and dedicated to the
proposition that  all men are created equal. (2) Now we are engaged in
a great civil war, testing whether that nation or any nation so
conceived and so dedicated can long endure. (3) we are met on a great
battlefield of that war. (4) We have come to dedicate a portion of
that field as a final resting-place for those who here gave their
lives that that nation might live
. (5) It is altogether fitting and
proper that we should do this. (6) But in a larger sense, we cannot
dedicate, we cannot consecrate, we cannot hallow this ground.
(7) The brave men, living and dead who struggled here have consecrated
it far above our poor power to add or detract. (8) The world will
little note nor long remember what we say here, but it can never
forget what they did here.
(9) It is for us the living rather to be
dedicated here to the unfinished work which they who fought here
have thus far so nobly advanced
. (10) It is rather for us to be here
dedicated to the great task remaining before us-- that from these
honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which
they gave the last full measure of devotion--that we here highly
resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain, that this
nation under God shall have a new birth of freedom, and that
government of the people, by the people, for the people

shall not perish from the earth.

Structure Notes: Three-part structure


I. Introduction follows the structure of a strong essay in that its opening sentence "hooks" the reader. Opening and closing ideas allude to The Declaration of Independence, highlighting again the effective essay in which the opening and the closing sections serve as bookends for the argument. 

II. Rhetorical Appeals:

Pathos: Capturing the mind and the hearts of readers to sway them to the point he is making in his argument.

Logos: Capturing the mind of the reader through the structure of the argument, the words used and not used, ideas stated and implied and even not used. Use of repetition (anaphora), diction, allusions, parallelism, and imagery among other ideas. 

Ethos: Concerns itself with the author or the presentor of the speech. 

The Gettysburg Address by President Abraham Lincoln